History

This year marks the 50th anniversary of several unforgettable events in American history - the Moon landing and Woodstock to name just a few. Check out some of the following resources to learn more about the highlights - and the lowlights - of this tumultuous year.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie's, assassination on June 28, 1914 sparked the beginning of what became World War I.  On July 28th of that year, Austria-Hungry declared war on Serbia and within weeks, WWI was in full swing. The war lasted until November 11, 1918 when Germany was finally forced to seek armistice. 

World War I for Kids

World War I technology by Tammy Gagne

Check out these new titles recently added to the Library's History shelves.

June 27 marks the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall Uprisings, a pivotal moment in the U.S. LGBTQ rights movement. That night in 1969, the New York City police raided the Stonewall Inn - one event in the midst of widespread crackdowns on gay establishments that had been refused liquor licenses by the N.Y. State Liquor Authority for serving gay individuals. Days of protest by gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender individuals ensued. Check out the our selection of books and movies documenting Stonewall, the events leading up to it, and the fight for LGBTQ rights in the last fifty years.

The above quotation is attributed to Benjamin Franklin at the close of the Constitutional Convention. Franklin gave this response to a query as he was leaving Independence Hall on the final day of deliberations. According to Maryland delegate James McHenry,  "A lady asked Dr. Franklin, Well Doctor what have we got a republic or a monarchy." From the Latin "res publica," a republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a “public matter”, not the private concern or property of the rulers, in which public offices are consequently appointed or elected rather than privately accommodated (i.e., through inheritance or divine mandate).

Recently The Washington Post added a new phrase to it's online masthead:  "Democracy Dies in Darkness." Indeed, a free and independent press is an essential part of a democratic society. 

May 1, 1960.  An American U-2 spy plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers was shot down over Central Russia. Powers was tried, convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison, but was released in exchange for an imprisoned Soviet spy.

May 2, 2011.  Osama bin Laden was killed by U.S. Special Forces during a raid on his secret compound in Pakistan.

May 4, 1886.  The Haymarket Square Riot occurred in Chicago after 180 police officers advanced on 1,300 persons gathered in the square listening to speeches of labor activists and anarchists. An incendiary device  thrown by an unknown person caused police to open fire and led to the death of several people, including eight policemen.

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