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Black Mass: Apocalyptic Religion and the Death of Utopia

The quest for utopia inspired political zealots with impossible expectations-until disappointment turned them into doomsday prophets. Gray traces this destructive religious-secular dynamic in both Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany. Readers may recoil in surprise, however, when the analysis turns to the American and British invasion of Iraq as the latest manifestation of apocalyptic utopianism. But Gray indicts as utopians the neoconservatives who advocated the invasion in order to turn Iraq into a democracy and predicts that the collapse of this fantasy will only embolden apocalyptic warmongering among religionists in America-and Iran.