October 1, 2017 | SuzyQ
October 1, 1908. The Model T Ford went on sale for the first time.
October 1, 1938. Hitler's troops occupied the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia.
October 1,1949. The People's Republic of China was founded.
October 2, 1949. Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African American associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
October 3, 1863. Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation which designated the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.
October 11, 1899. The Boer War began in South Africa between the British Empire and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State. The war did not end until 1902.
October 12, 1492. Christopher Columbus made his first landfall in the New World in the Bahamas.
October 13, 1775. The creation of the The United States Navy was authorized by the Second Continental Congress.
October 13, 1792. The cornerstone of the White House was laid by George Washington.
October 15, 1917. World War I spy Mata Hari was executed by a French firing squad.
October 16, 1859. Abolitionist John Brown and his followeres seized the Federal Arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
October 17, 1777. American forces claimed their first victory of the Revolutionary War at the Battle of Saratoga.
October 19, 1781. The British Army surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown, effectively ending the Revolutionary War.
October 20, 1973. During the Watergate scandal, The Saturday Night Massacre occurred as President Richard M. Nixon fired Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus, and Attorney General Elliot Richardson resigned in protest.
October 22, 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis began.
October 24, 1945. The United Nations was founded.