On this June Day in History

June 4, 1989. In Beijing's Tiananmen Square, unarmed protestors are fired upon by soldiers on order from the Chinese government.

June 5, 1968. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is assassinated in a  Los Angeles hotel shortly after winning California's Democratic presidential primary.

June 6, 1872.  Susan B. Anthony was fined for voting in a presidential election in Rochester, New York.

Five Germanys I have known by Fritz Richard Stern

June 11, 1994. The Soviet military occupation of East Germany finally ended after 49 years.

June 12, 1898. The Philippines declared their independence from Spain.

Medgar Evers : Mississippi martyr by Michael Vinson Williams

June 12, 1963. Civil rights leader Medgar Evers was assassinated in Jackson, Mississippi.

June 13, 1971. The New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers -  top secret documents which exposed U.S. strategy during the Vietnam War.

June 13, 1966. In a 5-4 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court decided  in the case of Miranda v. Arizona that an accused person must be apprised of certain rights before police questioning including the right to remain silent. It also ruled that the accused have the right to know that anything said can be used against the individual in court, and that they have a right to have a defense attorney present during interrogation.

June 14, 1775. The Continental Army was established by the Second Continental Congress.George Washington was appointed to command it.

June 14, 1951. The world's first commercial electronic computer - Univac I - was unveiled and installed at the Census Bureau.

June 15, 1215. King John put his official seal on the Magna Carta.

All the President's men by Carl Bernstein

June 17, 1972.  Five men were arrested for breaking into the National Democratic Headquarters in the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C., eventually leading to the resignation of President Nixon on August 9, 1974.

June 18, 1812. The United States declared war on Great Britain, signaling the beginning of the War of 1812.

June 18, 1983.  Sally Ride became the first American woman in space.

June 21, 1964. Three young civil rights workers - James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner - were  murdered in Mississippi.

June 24, 1948. The Soviet Union began a blockade of Berlin. The Americans and British responded with an emergency airlift , delivering tons of food, coal and medical supplies. The blockade of Berlin ended on May 12, 1949.

June 25, 1876.  General George A. Custer and his troops were defeated by the Sioux at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in Montana.

June 25, 1950. The Korean War began as North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel and invaded South Korea.

June 25, 1991.The republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia.

June 26, 1945. Fifty nations signed the United Nations Charter in San Francisco.

Vicksburg, 1863 by Winston Groom

June 28, 1862. The siege of the Confederate city of Vicksburg, Mississippi  began. It continued for over a year with the Confederates surrendering  on July 4, 1863.

June 28, 1919. Thr Treaty of Versailles was signed formally ending World War I.

June 30, 1997.  Hong Kong was returned to China with the official transfer of power from Great Britain.