On this July Day in History

July 1, 1867. The Constitution Act, 1867 is enacted,  uniting the three separate colonies of the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick into a single Dominion within the British Empire called Canada.

The Constitution : an introduction by Michael Stokes Paulsen

July 2, 1788. The United States Constitution was ratified.

July 2, 1881. President James A. Garfield was shot as he entered a railway station in Washington, D.C. He died on September 19.

July 2, 1964. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights of 1964 into law.

July 3, 1976. In a raid on Entebbe airport in Uganda, an Israeli commando unit rescued over 100  hostages on a hijacked Air France airliner. The jet had been on its way from Tel Aviv to Paris when it was hijacked by pro-Palestinian guerrillas.

July 4, 1776.  The Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence.

Louis Pasteur by P. Debré

July 6, 1885.  Louis Pasteur administered the first successful anti-rabies inoculation.

July 7, 1898. Hawaii was annexed by the United States.

July 10, 1943. The Allied invasion of Italy began on the island of Sicily.

The fourteenth of July by Christopher Prendergast

July 14, 1789. Revolutionaries stormed the Bastille in Paris. The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison represented royal authority. Its fall became a turning point for the French Revolution, and is celebrated every year in France as French National Day.

July 16, 1969.  Apollo 11 Lunar lifted off from Kennedy Space Center on its way to the moon.

July 17, 1918.The Russian royal family (Czar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, son Alexei, and daughters Olga, Maria, Anastasia and Tatiana) were executed by the Bolsheviks in the Russian town of Ekaterinburg in Siberia.

July 19 & 20, 1848. A women's rights convention was held at Seneca Falls, New York, marking the beginning of an organized women's rights movement in the United States. Speakers included Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, and Frederick Douglass.

July 20, 1969. After the successful landing of Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon.

July 22, 1934. Bank robber John Dillinger - designated "Public Enemy No. 1" - was shot and killed by FBI agents as he left a movie theater in Chicago.

July 25, 1956. The Italian luxury liner Andrea Doria sank after colliding with a Swedish liner on its way to New York. 1,634 people, including the captain and the crew, were rescued before the ship went down.

July 28, 1932. The Bonus Army was evicted by U.S. Army troops under the command of General Douglas MacArthur. About 15,000 World War I veterans had marched to Washington, D.C., demanding payment of a war bonus they had been promised. After camping out for two months, President Herbert Hoover ordered their eviction.


Hoffa by Arthur A Sloane

July 30, 1975. Former Teamsters Union leader James Hoffa disappeared. He was last seen outside the Machus Red Fox in Bloomfield Township. Michigan.