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Native American Heritage Month

birdIn 1990, President George H.W. Bush declared the month of November as "National American Indian Heritage Month", which has come to be commonly referred to as Native American Heritage Month. By either name it is a time of "recognition for the significant contributions the first Americans made to the establishment and growth of the U.S." The Library's collection is a great place to look for materials about Native Americans and their place in our country's history.

500 nations: an illustrated history of North American Indians by Alvin M. Josephy, Jr. ; based on a documentary filmscript by Jack Leustig, Roberta Grossman, Lee Miller, and William Morgan with contributions by John M.D. Pohl

The Cambridge history of the native peoples of the Americas

Daily life of Native Americans from post-Columbian through nineteenth-century America by Alice Nash and Christoph Strobel

Gunfight at the O.K. Corral

It was on October 26, 1881 in Tombstone, Arizona that the infamous gunfight took place. Generally regarded as the most famous gunfight in the history of the American West, it is believed to have lasted all of thirty seconds. On one side were the cowboy outlaws Billy Clairborne, Ike and Billy Clanton, and Tom and Frank McLaury. Opposing them were Marshall Virgil Earp and his brothers Morgan and Wyatt, as well as Doc Holliday. Hollywood versions of the gun battle can be found in the films My Darling Clementine (1946), Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957) and Tombstone (1993). Find out what the fight was really all about and who survived by checking out some of the following books and dvds from the Library's collection:

The last gunfight: the real story of the shootout at the O.K. Corral and how it changed the American West by Jeff Guinn

And die in the West: the story of the O.K. Corral gunfight by Paula Mitchell Marks

British Historical Dramas

Three recent television dramas draw on British history for their inspiration. The White Queen, airing on Starz, is based on Philippa Gregory's historical novels about the Wars of the Roses - The White Queen, The Red Queen, and The Kingmaker's Daughter. PBS's The Hollow Crown combines four of Shakespeare's plays to tell the story of three kings who shaped English history - Richard III, Henry IV, and Henry V. The new CW series Reign chronicles the life of the teenage Mary, Queen of Scots. Enhance your viewing experience with some historical background on both the people and the events by checking out some of these titles from the Library's collection:

Blood sisters: the women behind the Wars of the Roses by Sarah Gristwood

Lancaster against York: the Wars of the Roses and the foundation of modern Britain by Trevor Royle

The Wars of the Roses by Alison Weir

Cuban Missile Crisis Anniversary

Last year marked the 50th anniversary of one of the most pivotal moments of the Cold War. For 13 days in October 1962, the United States and the former Soviet Union engaged in a political and military standoff over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles in Cuba — just 90 miles off the U.S. coast. President John F. Kennedy notified the country about the presence of the missiles in an historic television address on October 22, 1962. It was during this speech that he explained his decision to enact a naval blockade around Cuba. Because of this many, people believed the world was on the brink of nuclear war. Disaster was averted, however when Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles in exchange for the U.S. not invading Cuba, and also removing U.S. missiles from Turkey. The confrontation was officially ended on October 28, 1962.

Maximum danger: Kennedy, the missiles, and the crisis of American confidence by Robert Weisbrot

One minute to midnight: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and Castro on the brink of nuclear war by Michael Dobbs

Fall Astronomy Day

Fall Astronomy Day (October 13) is a good time to read up on some of the noted astronomers of the past, or watch an informative documentary:

Galileo in Rome: the rise and fall of a troublesome genius by William R. Shea and Mariano Artigas

Copernicus' secret: how the scientific revolution began by Jack Repcheck

Edwin Hubble: mariner of the nebulae by Gale E. Christianson

Galileo: a life by James Reston, Jr

Kepler's witch: an astronomer's discovery of cosmic order amid religious war, political intrigue, and the heresy trial of his mother by James A. Connor

Carl Sagan: a life by Keay Davidson

Exploring America

In the spirit of Columbus Day read about some of the other explorers who ventured out in search of new worlds:

Amerigo: the man who gave his name to America by Felipe Fernández-Armesto

Henry Hudson: dreams and obsession by Corey Sandler

La Salle: a perilous odyssey from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico by Donald S. Johnson

Over the edge of the world: Magellan's terrifying circumnavigation of the globe by Laurence Bergreen

Champlain's dream by David Hackett Fischer

Hernando de Soto: a savage quest in the Americas by David Ewing Duncan

October Birthdays

Read about some of the fascinating people who were born in the month of October!

Home: a memoir of my early years by Julie Andrews — October 1

The life of Graham Greene by Norman Sherry — October 2

Buster Keaton: cut to the chase by Marion Meade — October 4

Chester Alan Arthur by Zachary Karabell — October 5

Rocket man: Robert H. Goddard and the birth of the space age by David A. Clary — October 5

This little light of mine: the life of Fannie Lou Hamer by Kay Mills — October 6

Rabble-rouser for peace: the authorized biography of Desmond Tutu by John Allen — October 7

New Documentaries on the Shelf

The world before her [videodisc] by Kinosmith, Telefilm Canada and the Rogers Group of Funds through the Theatrical Documentary Program present a film by Nisha Pahuja ; writer and director: Nisha Pahuja

The house I live in [videodisc] by Charlotte Street Films presents an Edgewood Way production ; producers, Eugene Jarecki, Melinda Shopsin ; written and directed by Eugene Jarecki

The reluctant fundamentalist [videodisc] by IFC Films and Doha Film Institute present a Mirabai Films and Cine Mosaic production ; produced by Lydia Dean Pilcher ; screenplay by William Wheeler ; directed by Mira Nair

Defiant requiem [videodisc] by Partisan Pictures ; the Defiant Requiem Foundation ; PBS ; producers, Peter Schnall & Doug Shultz ; director/writer, Doug Shultz

Why ships sink [videodisc] by produced by Jonathan Challis, Olly Jones, Lisa Mirowitz ; directed by Jonathan Challis ... [et al.]

Teachers in the Movies

Just in time for back to school!

Freedom writers [videodisc] by Paramount Pictures ; Double Feature Films ; MTV Films ; Jersey Films ; Kernos Filmproduktiosgesellschaft & Company

Goodbye, Mr. Chips [videodisc] by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures

The great debaters [videodisc] by The Weinstein Company presents a Harpo Films production

A lesson before dying [videodisc] by Spanky Pictures production in association with Ellen M. Krass Productions

Like stars on Earth [videodisc] by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment presents a PVR Pictures and a Aamir Khan Productions film